Summary Of The Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA)
15th October 2015
Read out aloud by P’doh Saw Kwe Htoo Win and Minister U Aung Min at the NCA signing ceremony:
- (UAM) The Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) is intended by the parties as an agreement to implement a nationwide ceasefire. To this end, the effectiveness of the NCA extends throughout the entire Union.
- (PKHW) The NCA recognizes, reinforces, and reaffirms all previous agreements between the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and Ethnic Armed Organizations, and comprises of seven chapters and thirty-three paragraphs.
- (UAM) The NCA provides as basic principles the establishment of a union based on the principles of democracy and federalism in accordance with the outcomes of political dialogue and in the spirit of Panglong, that fully guarantees democratic rights, national equality and the right to self-determination on the basis of liberty, equality and justice while upholding the principles of non-disintegration of the union, non-disintegration of national solidarity and perpetuation of national sovereignty.
- (PKHW) Additionally, the parties agree to establish a new political culture of resolving political conflicts through political dialogue instead of force of arms and to build lasting and sustainable peace that guarantees equal rights to all citizens. In so doing, the parties further agree to hold inclusive political dialogue, attended by all relevant stakeholders, in accordance with the aspirations and desires of all ethnic nationalities.
- (UAM) In order to effectively implement the ceasefire, the NCA details mutually binding terms and conditions of military codes of conduct and protection of civilians. The parties also agree to coordinate the delivery of humanitarian assistance to IDPs and conflict victims.
- (PKHW) The parties agree to form the Joint Ceasefire Monitoring Committee to ensure effective compliance of military codes of conduct and military related rules and regulations, and implement monitoring tasks in an accountable, responsible and transparent manner.
- (UAM) A political roadmap has been agreed to fully implement the peace process. The Union Peace Dialogue Joint Committee (UPDJC) will be formed to facilitate the holding of inclusive political dialogue. The UPDJC shall draft the framework for political dialogue, and facilitate the various stages of political dialogue.
- (PKHW) It has been agreed that to foster mutual trust during the peace process, removal of organizations listed on the unlawful association list will be undertaken. The government has already removed the Ethnic Armed Organizations who are signatories to the NCA from the list of unlawful associations.
- (UAM) Additionally, the Ethnic Armed Organizations that are signatories to this agreement have been responsible in their relevant capacities, for development and security in their respective areas. During the period of ceasefire and political dialogue, the parties shall carry out programs and projects in coordination with each other in the areas of education; health; socio-economic; environment conservation; preservation and promotion of ethnic culture, language, and literature; matters regarding peace and stability, and the maintenance of rule of law; regional development; and eradication of illicit drugs.
- (PKHW) The NCA is a historical agreement to achieve lasting and sustainable peace in Myanmar, and is effective upon signing by senior government officials and leaders of Ethnic Armed Organizations.